Belfast City Hall was planned in response to Queen Victoria’s grant of city status to Belfast in 1888. Architect Sir Alfred Brumwell Thomas designed the building in the Baroque Revival style, with the exterior constructed out of Portland stone. The building took eight years to complete.
Belfast City Hall was the site of the signing of the Ulster Covenant in opposition to Home Rule on Ulster Day, September 28, 1912. Ulster Unionist leader Edward Carson led a military procession to the hall, where he was the first person to sign the covenant pledging to use “all means which may be found necessary to defeat the present conspiracy to set up a Home Rule Parliament in Ireland.”